Research and Publication ethics

Chapter 1: General Provisions


Article 1 (Purpose)

The purpose of this provision is to stipulate a set of procedures to establish the research ethics of ‘Evidence and Nursing’, the official journal of the Korean society of evidence-Based nursing.


Article 2 (Definition of Terms)

① Research misconduct (hereinafter referred to as “misconduct”) refers to each of the following subparagraphs made in the proposal, execution, result report and presentation of research and development tasks.

  1. “Forgery” is an act of falsely creating, recording or reporting non-existent original research data, research data, research results, etc.
  2. “Falsification” is an act that distorts research contents or results by artificially manipulating research materials, equipment, processes, etc., or by arbitrarily modifying or deleting research materials or research data
  3. "Plagiarism" is an act of making a third party recognize as one's own creation by using other people's original ideas or creations without proper indication of the source, as in the following items.
  4. 1) In case of using all or part of the research contents of others as it is without acknowledging the source

    2) In case the source is not indicated while partially using the word(s) or sentence structure of another person's work

    3) In case the source is not indicated while utilizing the original ideas of others

    4) In case the source is not indicated while translating the work of another person

  1. “Duplicate publication” means that after a researcher publishes a work that is identical or substantially similar to his or her previous research results without acknowledging the source, acts of obtaining unreasonable profits, such as receiving research grants or being recognized as separate research achievements
  2. ‘Duplicate submission’ is the act of submitting a paper being submitted to another journal to this Journal, or submitting a paper being submitted to this Journal to another journal.
  3. “Unfair author indication” means that the author does not grant authorship without justifiable reasons to the person who has contributed or rendered services to the research contents or results as follows, or contributes or grants authorship to a person who did not contribute as an expression of appreciation or courtesy
  4. 1) If authorship is granted even if there is no contribution or services to the research contents or results

    2) In case authorship is not granted even though there is a contribution or contribution to the research contents or results

    3) When the student's thesis is published in an academic journal, etc. under the sole name of the advisor

  1. The “Act of interfering with investigation into research misconduct” is an act that intentionally interferes with the investigation of the misconduct of the person or others or harms the informant.
  2. Any other act recognized by the editorial board as an act that seriously deviates from the range normally accepted in the academic field.


Article 3 (Applicable Subject)

This rule applies to all authors submitting manuscripts to the journal of the society of ‘evidence and nursing’.


Article 4 (Scope of Application)

Except in cases where there are other special regulations related to establishment of research ethics and verification of research integrity, this regulation shall apply.



Chapter 2:
Establishment and Operation of Research Ethics Committee


Article 5 (Affiliation)

The Research Ethics Committee (hereafter referred to as the ‘Committee’) belongs to the Korean Society of Evidence-Based Nursing, and committee meetings are held as needed.


Article 6 (Composition)

① The committee consists of one chairperson and five members.

② The Chairperson is the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal, and among the 5 members, 3 members are the 1st Vice President, 2nd Vice President, and Research Director of the Society, and 2 persons are Research Ethics Experts from outside the Society.

③ The term of office of the members (chief) shall be two years, but they may be reappointed.


Article 7 (Business)

The committee deliberates and decides on the following items for papers submitted or published in the journal of ‘evidence and nursing’.

  1. Matters regarding receipt and handling of reports of misconduct
  2. Nursing of matters concerning the initiation of preliminary and main investigations and approval of investigation results
  3. Matters concerning measures to protect the whistleblower and restore the reputation of the investigated person
  4. Matters concerning the processing and follow-up of the research integrity verification results
  5. Other matters requested by the chairperson


Article 8 (Meeting)

① Meetings of the committee are convened and presided over by the chairperson.

② A meeting is established with the attendance of a majority of the members of the board, and resolutions are made with the consent of a majority of the members. However, the power of attorney acknowledges attendance at the convening of the committee, but does not grant voting rights.

③ The chairperson has no voting rights, and in case of a tie, the vote is deemed to have been rejected.

④ In principle, the meeting is confidential.


Article 9 (Expenses)

Expenses necessary for the operation of the committee and verification of research integrity may be paid within the budget.



Chapter 3:
Protection of Informant of Research Misconduct


Article 10 (Protection of Informant’s Rights)

① The informant must fill out and submit the application for deliberation in his/her real name along with the data on the contents of the request for deliberation to the Editorial Board. However, even if it is an anonymous report, it can be handled according to the real name report if evidence is received in writing including the name of the research project, the name of the thesis, and specific research misconduct.

② Matters concerning the identity of the informant are not subject to information disclosure and are protected from being disadvantaged for the reason of reporting.

③ The informant may request the Editorial Board to inform the editorial committee about the procedure and schedule after reporting the research violation, and the committee must faithfully respond to this.


Article 11 (Protection of Rights of Investigatee)

① The committee is careful not to infringe on the honor or rights of the person (investigatee) under investigation during the verification process.

② Suspicions of research violations must not be disclosed to the outside until a judgment is made. However, this does not apply to cases where necessary measures are taken due to the occurrence of each subparagraph.

③ The investigatee may request the Editorial Board to inform the editorial committee about the research violation review procedure and schedule, and the committee must faithfully respond to this.



Chapter 4: Deliberation, Hearing and Judgment


Article 12 (Deliberation Procedure)

① For research misconduct or inappropriate conduct, the following deliberation procedures are followed.

  1. 1. When the editorial board submits an application for review, the chairperson receives the request and informs the applicant of the plan of the review process in writing.
  2. 2. The chairperson confirms the degree of the received application for deliberation.
  3. 3. The deliberation plan and hearing procedure schedule are notified to the subject of deliberation (hereinafter referred to as the ‘investigatee’) within one week of the convening of the committee, and consent is received in writing within one week. If there is no answer from the lead author (researcher), the co-author (researcher), and the institution in the order are notified.
  4. 4. If the investigatee agrees to the deliberation, deliberation is carried out according to the following procedure.
  5. 1) Review of submitted data

    2) If necessary, supplementation and submission of data may be requested, and evidence investigation can be conducted by methods such as witnesses, deeds, verification, and appraisal.

    3) In the deliberation, the statements of the parties and the interested parties shall be made in writing or through attendance. However, an exception is made when the person under investigation does not comply with the hearing procedure.

② The committee deliberates and decides on issues received within 30 days from the date of receipt. However, if there are unavoidable reasons, the period may be extended only for 30 days by the resolution of the committee.


Article 13 (Hearing Procedures)

① In the case of disciplinary matters, the committee must go through a hearing procedure for the person under investigation. However, an exception is made when the subject under investigation does not comply with the hearing procedure. Specific hearing procedures shall be determined by the committee.

② The committee may request the person under investigation and other interested persons to submit necessary data.

③ The person under investigation or his/her representative may submit evidence such as statements of the witnesses and appraisal to the committee.


Article 14 (Judgment)

① Judgment means that the chairperson notifies the informant (whistleblower) and the person under investigation of the results of the deliberation and investigation in writing.

② The case received by the committee must be completed within 30 days from the date of receipt until the decision is made. However, if there are unavoidable reasons, the period may be extended only for 30 days by the resolution of the committee.


Article 15 (Request for Retrial)

① A person who has been subject to disciplinary action may file a written request for retrial within 20 days from the date of notification of the disposition when the committee's disciplinary decision is deemed unreasonable.

② In the event that the person under investigation requests a retrial pursuant to the provisions of Paragraph 1, a copy of the application for deliberation and disciplinary decision stating personal information, facts of deliberation and decision, and reasons for requesting a retrial must be submitted to the committee.

③ If there is a motion for a retrial, the committee must convene within 30 days from the date the application for deliberation is served, and a decision must be made within 60 days. However, the period may be extended by 30 days in unavoidable circumstances.



Chapter 5: Follow-up after Verification


Article 16 (Notification of Deliberation Results)

① The chairperson reports the results of the deliberation to the editorial board.

② The chairperson notifies the informant and the person under investigation of the results of the committee's deliberation in writing. However, an exception is made in the case of anonymous reporting.

③ The results of the deliberation shall not be made public before the chairperson makes a decision.


Article 17 (Follow-Up Measures Following Deliberation Results)

① As a result of the deliberation, if an act that violates the code of ethics is confirmed or the person under investigation admits it, the measures corresponding to each of the following items may be determined individually or in combination, and these are described in the order of lighter measures first. However, follow-up actions on the results of the deliberation are carried out by the chairperson after the processing of the request for a retrial is completed.

  1. Sending an official letter to the head of the affiliated institution or research fund support institution
  2. Publication of notices about duplicate publication or plagiarism
  3. Publication of an editor's article on the full picture of cheating
  4. Disqualification of submission of articles to this Journal for 2 years for individuals, organizations, and institutions responsible for misconduct
  5. In addition to the official withdrawal or cancellation of the paper from the Journal, other journal editors and indexing organizations are notified.

② The notice of cancellation of papers published in the Journal shall be in the form of papers in the same format as general papers, and articles that have been canceled are listed in the journal table of contents like general papers so that they are not excluded from the index range.


Article 18 (Effect of Decision)

① Deliberation matters take effect upon publication by the chairperson. However, the disciplinary decision takes effect when the committee decides on a retrial or when the period for requesting a retrial by the accused has expired.


Article 19 (Enforcement Bylaws)

The committee may separately determine the details necessary for the implementation of this provision.