Instruction for authors

Purpose and Timing of Publication
  1. Evidence and Nursing (hereafter ‘Journal’) is the official journal of the Korean Society of Evidence-Based Nursing (hereafter ‘Society’), and publishes original articles, review studies, EBP cases, and invitations, etc. made in the field of evidence-based nursing. Through this, we intend to contribute to the creation and utilization of evidence, the development of methodologies, and vitalization of evidence-based nursing.
  2. The Journal is published once a year (December 31).



Code of Ethics
  1. If the subject of the study is a human, in principle, it is necessary to explain the purpose of the study to the subject in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki (2013), to fully explain the mental and physical harm that may occur while participating in the study, and to state that a written consent has been received in this regard. The papers that have passed the Institutional Ethics Committee (IRB) deliberation are subject to the submission of the IRB approval number. However, papers using secondary data that do not use personally identifiable information may be submitted without the IRB approval after review by the editorial board.
  2. If the study subject is an animal, the treatment performed to reduce the pain and discomfort of the experimental animal should be described. The experimental process of the paper should pass the Institutional Animal Care & Use Committee (IACUC) deliberation, and its approval number must be submitted.
  1. Papers with the following research misconduct will not be published, and related details will be determined by the editorial committee.
  2. 1) Forgery: The act of creating false data or research results that do not exist.

    2) Alteration: An act of artificially manipulating research materials, equipment and processes, or distorting research contents or results by arbitrarily modifying or deleting data.

    3) Plagiarism: The act of using someone else's ideas, research results, etc. without proper citation.

    4) Duplicate publication: The act of publishing a paper published in another journal as it is. However, papers that have been reviewed by the editorial committees of both journals in advance and decided to be secondarily published are not considered duplicate publications.

    5) Duplicate Submissions: Manuscripts that are being submitted to other journals cannot be submitted to this Journal, and the papers that are being submitted or published in this Journal cannot be submitted to other journals.

    6) If any of the research misconduct listed above is suspected, the editorial committee will take action in accordance with the “Research Ethics Regulations”.

  1. Authorship:
    This Journal follows the ICMJE (‐recommendations.pdf) and the authorship guidelines of the 3rd edition of Korean Medical Journal Editors' Association Guidelines for Publishing Ethics of Medical Papers ( The authorship is granted only to those who directly participate and make meaningful contributions to the work. To add, delete, or change the order of authors in the author list at the time of submission, an approval from the editorial board is required prior to the publication decision of the manuscript.
  2. Disclosure of Potential Interests: The corresponding author discloses to the Editorial Board in advance using the "Disclosure of Potential Interests" form of all authors' potential interests that may affect the research results. If there is no potential interest, submit by specifying “None”.



Manuscript Submission
  1. Types of manuscripts
    The types of manuscripts that can be published in this Journal are as follows.
  2. 1) Original article: Quantitative research, qualitative research, EBP case

    2) Review study: systematic literature review, meta-analysis, review

    3) Invited articles: The latest knowledge and methodologies, etc. in the field of evidence-based nursing

    4) Other related papers: Can be published according to the decision of the editorial committee. However, the invited articles are requested by the editorial board to an expert in this field to receive the manuscript.

  1. Qualifications for submission
    Regular members of this society can submit, and the first author or corresponding author must be a member of this society. Non-members can submit in the following cases.
  2. 1) When conducting joint research with members of this society

    2) When you receive a recommendation from a director of this society

  1. Manuscripts that do not conform to the submission rules of this journal will not be accepted.
  2. When submitting a manuscript, the items to be checked and the method of submission are as follows.
  3. 1) When submitting a manuscript, check the self-inspection section before submission.

    2) For more information, visit the website of the Korean Society of Evidence-Based Nursing and refer to ‘Paper Submission Review’.

    3) Manuscripts and all documents related to manuscripts must be submitted through the online paper submission system of the Korean Society of Evidence-Based Nursing, and the Copyright Transfer Agreement is submitted after the publication is decided.



Manuscript Writing
  1. General
    Manuscripts should be written in Korean according to the Korean spelling, and abstracts should be written in English.
  2. 1) The length of the manuscript should be less than 20 pages in total including the English abstract, body text, references, tables and figures, etc.

    2) Manuscript editing
    Manuscripts should be written in Hangeul or MS Word on A4 paper, typeface Shinmyeongjo, font size 10 points, line spacing should be 200%, with a margin of 2.5 cm on the top and bottom, left and right, and the number of manuscript pages should be 20 or less. The English abstract should be written in 200 words or less, and the references should be written in the Vancouver style.

    3) Academic terminology
    Academic terminology applies mutatis mutandis to the medical terminology published by the Korean Medical Association (6th edition, 2020) and the standard terminology in nursing (the Korean Society of Nursing Science, 2013).

    4) Use of Abbreviations
    When using English abbreviations for the first time, write the entire word and present the abbreviation in parentheses. However, do not use abbreviations in the paper title. The p indicating the probability of significance is written in lowercase italics.

    5) For Korean spelling and foreign language notation, refer to the ‘Open Books Editing Manual’ of the Open Books Editorial Department (2020).

    6) Spacing
    When using parentheses ( ), a space is written when an English letter or number comes before the parenthesis ( ), and when the Korean language comes, no space is written. A particle following parentheses ( ) is written with no space.

    7) Prior approval of research tools
    In principle, the research tools used in the paper should be used with the approval of the tool developer.

    8) Marking of devices and equipment
    For machines and equipment, write the model name, manufacturer, city (state), and nationality in parentheses ( ). Do not use TM, ®, etc., meaning product names, unless absolutely necessary.

  1. Manuscript composition
    Manuscripts should be written in the order of the cover (outer cover), inner cover (title page), English abstract, main body, references, tables, and figures, and each begins with a separate page.
  2. 1) The Cover (outer cover)

    (1) The type of thesis is indicated as original article, review study, EBP case, invited paper, etc.

    (2) The title of the paper should be written both in Korean and in English. For a Korean title, 40 characters or less, and for an English title, 20 words or less.

    (3) The names and affiliations of all authors (in the order of school/institution name, department/research institute/department name, etc.) are written in Korean and English, and ORCIDs of all authors are included. After the name, write the final academic degree after a comma.

    (4) Write the name, address, and contact information (phone number, fax number, e-mail) of the corresponding author in Korean and English.

    (5) Describe research funding support. If there is no research funding support, it is stated as None.

    (6) Describe all interests, and if there is none, write None.

    (7) Describe the IRB or IACUC approval body and the approval number, and if there is none, write None.

    2) The Inner Cover (title page): The second page of the manuscript becomes the title page, and only the title is written once (no indication of the author is allowed).

    3) English abstract

    (1) This is the third page of the manuscript, and should be written in 200 English words or less.

    (2) English title

    (3) Write in succession without paragraphs under the sub-headings of Purpose, Methods, Results, and Conclusion (No number or reference should be indicated in the abstract)

    (4) Enter key words in English. Key words should be limited to five using the terms registered in the MeSH browser (

    4) Structure of the text (body)

    (1) Original Articles and Reviews
    It consists in the order of introduction, methods, results, discussion, and conclusion (including suggestions). In the introduction, the purpose of the study is presented concisely and clearly, and the description of the background includes only the content related to the purpose. In the research methods, the research design, subjects, research tools, data collection and analysis methods, etc. are divided into sub-titles in order and described. Explain clearly and logically based on the results processed in the research results. In the discussion, it should be interpreted in relation to the review of the study results and other related data. Do not duplicate the contents of the research results. In the conclusion, the meaning and limitations of the observations are described, and the conclusion and the purpose of the study are related. However, systematic literature review and meta-analysis studies are described according to the PRISMA checklist (

    (2) EBP cases
    Compose it in the order of background and purpose, clinical question, evidence search, critical evaluation of evidence, evidence level and recommendation grade, recommendations, clinical practice application, and evaluation. However, in the case of adaptation of clinical practice guidelines, It is described according to the “Handbook for Practice of Clinical Practice Guidelines (2015)” of the Korea Institute of Health and Medical Research or “Adaptation of Evidence-based Clinical Nursing Practice Guidelines and Standardization of Adaptation Methodology of Practice Guidelines for Nursing Field” of the Hospital Nurses Association (2011).

    5) Tables, Figures, Pictures

    (1) Tables, figures, and photos should be written in English and, in principle, should not exceed five, and the contents of tables and figures should not be duplicated. Tables and figures are placed on separate pages.

    (2) The contents of tables, figures, and photos should be easy to understand and function independently.

    (3) Principles of table composition

    ① All lines are single lines, and vertical lines are not drawn.

    ② The title of the table is located at the top of the table, and the first letter of each word except for conjunctions, articles, and prepositions is capitalized.

    [Example] Table 1. Overall Responses to Question Types

    ③ Tables are numbered in the order in which they are cited in the text.

    ④ If an explanation is necessary in the table, it is explained in a footnote. All non-standard abbreviations used in tables are explained in the footnotes at the bottom of the table.

    [Example] HR=Heart rate; T=Temperature.

    ⑤ Footnotes are explained using symbols, and the symbols are used in the following order. The description of the part marked with the shoulder (*, †, ‡, §, ||, ¶, #, **, ††) is given at the bottom left of the table.

    [Example] *Survival case; †Dead case.

    ⑥ In principle, descriptive statistics (e.g., average, standard deviation, ratio, etc.) should be described to one decimal place, but if necessary, they may be described to two decimal places. The average value of age, weight, and height and the size of the unit shall be to one decimal place.

    ⑦ For a decimal point, if the numeric value can exceed '1', put 0 before the decimal point, and if it cannot exceed ‘1’, do not write 0 before the decimal point.

    [Example] t=0.26, F=0.92 [Example] p<.001, r=.14, R2=.61

    ⑧ In principle, the p value representing the probability of significance should be written as it is without a footnote, and should be written up to 3 decimal places.

    [Example] p=.003
    If the value of p is .000, write it as p<.001.

    (4) Principles of composition of figures and photographs

    ① The title of the figure is located at the bottom of the figure, and only the first letter is capitalized.

    [Example] Figure 1. Mean responses to questions by student grade categories.

    ② The size of the photo must be at least 102°ø152 mm (4°ø6 inches), and it must not exceed 203°ø254 mm (8°ø10 inches), even in unavoidable cases.

    ③ If there are two or more figures from the same number, it is indicated by writing an alphabet letter after the Arabic numeral.

    [Example] Figure 1‐A, Figure 1‐B

    ④ For micrographs of tissue specimens, record the name of the tissue site, staining method, and magnification.

    ⑤ The symbols used in the graph are written in the following order: ●, ■, ▲, ◆, ○, □, △, ◇

    6) References
    References cited in the text must be included in the list of references. All references should be written in English and listed in the order in which they are cited.

    (1) Citations within the body of a reference
    References in the text are listed in the order in which they are cited and their numbers are indicated by superscripts (shoulder number) using right parentheses. If multiple numbers are entered at the same time, separate the numbers with ‘,’ and put right parenthesis after the last number. When using multiple consecutive numbers, use a ‘-’ mark between the first and last numbers. The position of the subscript is indicated after the name of the author, if any, and if the author's name is not available, it is displayed after the last word of the relevant content. If there is a particle (Korean nominative affixes 는, 가, etc.) after the name, the subscript should come before the particle.

    [Example] 42.0% of all cancer patients suffer from insufficient pain management,4) 25.0% die without pain control.5)
    When writing family names outside, if there are one or two authors, write all of them whenever they are cited in the text.

    [Example] Choi and Kim1)…
    If there are three or more authors, from the first citation, write the first author's last name followed by et al.

    [Example] Choi et al.1) are social…

    (2) References list
    If there are six or less authors in a reference, write all of them, and if there are seven or more authors, write only six authors and then write ‘et al.’. The name of the English journal is based on the abbreviation marks used in Index Medicus. The abstract cannot be used as a reference, but in case of unavoidable citation, it should be stated that only the abstract has been cited. When citing accepted papers but unpublished papers as references, specify ‘in press’ or ‘forthcoming’. When citing information in a manuscript that has been submitted but has not yet been accepted, it should be stated as ‘unpublished observation’ in the text and a written permission letter from the author should be obtained. When citing online or electronic media, citations are possible only in papers in academic journals, which are electronic media systems, and monographs in electronic media systems. The description format of the references is as the following example as suggested by the Vancouver Group, and if possible, enter DOI (Digital Object Indenti_er). To facilitate the use of digital academic information and to promote search efficiency, the DOI is written at the end of citations to activate citations, and do not put a period after writing the DOI. A literature search using the DOI is available at

  • When referring to literature in academic journals, the author's name and paper title. Magazine name Year Volume (issue): Start page - End page. However, for journals that continuously paginate each volume, the issue number can be omitted.
    _ When there are less than six authors
    _ When there are more than seven authors
    _ When the authors are a group
    _ If there is a supplement to the volume
    _ If the issue has an appendix
    _ If e-published
    _ When the author is unknown
    _ When it is necessary to indicate the form of the paper
    _ Printing
  • When referring to an independent volume
    _ When using a chapter of the compilation
    _ Conference Proceedings
  • Dissertations and theses
    _ Doctoral dissertation
    _ Master's thesis
    _ Dictionary and pseudo-references
  • Internet resources
    _ Homepages
  • Etc.
    _ Newspaper articles



Manuscript Review

For submitted manuscripts, the editorial board decides whether or not to publish the manuscript as the evidence based on the results of the two judges' responses to the request for review on the suitability of publication, and advises the authors to revise and supplement the points pointed out. The authors who have received a revision advice, when resubmitting the manuscript after revision, will submit together the revised thesis file and the file describing how the authors have corrected the points pointed out by the judges. When necessary, the editorial board may revise the text of the manuscript as long as it does not affect the original text according to the editorial policy. Manuscripts that do not conform to the paper submission rules of this society may be rejected, and the final publication and order of manuscripts are decided by the editor-in-chief with the consent of the editorial committee.

Journal Archive

(9 Volumes, 1 Issues, 47 Articles)
view all volumes and issues